Frequently Asked Questions

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How can Reflexology and Energy treatments benefit me?

The treatments can reduce and alleviate pain; promote better sleep; help relieve anxiety, stress, and depression; assist in balancing the body's energy; and promote overall relaxation, to name a few of the benefits.

What are some conditions frequently treated with Reflexology and Energy Work (Reiki and Healing Touch)?

  • Chronic foot pain, such as plantar fasciosis/fasciitis, bone spurs, and peripheral neuropathy
  • Headaches, muscle pain; pain from sports injuries
  • Backache, neck pain, sciatica
  • Fatigue; sleep problems
  • Anxiety, stress, depression
  • Allergies, congestion, respiratory problems
  • Constipation, diarrhea, gastrointestinal problems
  • Fibromyalgia (chronic pain syndrome)
  • Childbirth/premenstrual tension (PMS)/ menopausal symptoms
  • Preoperative preparation, Postoperative recovery
  • Symptom management during chemotherapy

Do I have to undress to receive these treatments?

Energy work is performed while the person is fully clothed. Because reflexology treatments involve the feet, a client must remove her shoes and socks; it's helpful to wear loose, comfortable clothing that allows access to your legs. Raindrop Technique focuses the feet and back; so the client needs to remove shoes, socks, and clothing to the upper torso.

Do treatments have to be painful to be effective?

No. Depending upon your health issues, some reflexes may be tender, and it is important for me to know which areas are tender or painful so that I may work those reflexes a little differently. However, many teachers say that a light to medium touch is as effective in creating positive results as a very penetrating touch.

What is the advantage of working with feet, hands, and ears?

Reflex points are present in your feet, hands, and ears. However, some health conditions respond better to work in the hands or ears, as opposed to the feet. For example, neck and lower back pain respond better to work with reflex points in the ears, while conditions related to the eyes and ears or sinuses respond better to work with reflex points in the hands. By working each of these areas, it is like having your body worked on 3 times while focusing on the points most beneficial to your condition.

What are causes of chronic foot pain?

Chronic foot pain can be related to a variety of factors, such as your weight (being overweight or pregnant), your activity (for example, overuse of muscles and tendons from extended periods of standing or walking on hard surfaces, or high impact exercise), the type of shoes that you wear (narrow toe box, high heels, no arch support, shoes that are too small for your feet), the way you walk (over-pronation or over-supination), or simply the construction of your feet (very flat or very high arches).

What is plantar fasciosis/fasciitis?

Previously referred to as plantar fasciitis, plantar fasciosis (pronounced fash-ee-o-sis) involves irritation or shortening of the bands of connective tissue in the sole of the foot extending from the base of the toes to the bottom of the heel. Plantar fasciosis is usually accompanied by shortening or contracture of the muscles in the calf. Pain most commonly appears in the heel or the arch of the foot, can be intense, sharp, burning or stabbing, and is typically worse upon arising in the morning or after extended periods of non-weight bearing. Plantar fasciosis can be successfully treated with reflexology and home care and does not require surgery.

Can reflexology help pain in my feet due to bunions?

Bunions are typically caused by ill-fitting shoes, that is, shoes that have a narrow or pointed toe box. Over a period of years, the foot conforms to the shape of the shoe, causing the big toe to bend over toward the other toes. This usually creates pain because it does not allow the muscles in the foot to function properly when walking. While a person may have a familial tendency toward acquiring bunions because of the plasticity and elasticity of their soft tissues, it is believed that “very few (if any) people actually possess a genetic component that directly causes bunions.” While reflexology cannot “cure” bunions, reflexology can help to relieve the pain associated with bunions, along with proper shoe size and shape. For additional information, see

What is peripheral neuropathy?

Peripheral neuropathy results from injury or damage to the peripheral nerves (sudden trauma or repetitive stress), or from conditions such as diabetes, Lyme disease, West Nile virus, or HIV infection. Symptoms are most often seen in the hands or feet, but may present as pain radiating from the hip into the leg. Symptoms often include burning, shooting pain, numbness, decreased sensation, or difficulty controlling movement in the limb. Reflexology combined with home care assists in improvement in symptoms and/or healing.

What’s the difference between reflexology

and acupressure?

Reflexology works with “reflexes” on the feet, hands, and ears that are linked to the nervous system and correspond to all parts of the body. I use the “mapping” system for the feet developed by Dr. Jesus Manzanares, a Spanish physician who has conducted anatomical research to identify the reflexes and their corresponding body parts. ( I also follow a Structural Reflexology® approach developed by Geraldine Villeneuve. (

Acupressure, on the other hand, uses a system of “acupuncture points” identified by ancient Chinese practitioners. These points run along 12 meridians that can be traced through the body. I have studied reflexology and meridian therapy with Lilian Tibshraeny-Morten and integrate these pressure points into my treatments as indicated.

How is reflexology different from massage?

Both systems are methods of complementary health care that use touch to produce relaxation and pain relief. While massage therapists manipulate the soft tissues (muscles, fascia), reflexologists apply pressure to specific “reflex” points on the feet, hands and ears that correspond with all body parts. Reflexologists work from the “inside out” by stimulating the nervous system to decrease stress and produce relaxation, while massage therapists work from the “outside in” by manipulating muscles and fascia to decrease stress and produce relaxation.

How are Reiki and Healing Touch different from other each other?

Both Reiki and Healing Touch are forms of energy work. The practitioner may use her hands to "hover" over an affected area of the individual, or she may place her hands on the person's body, inviting energy from "the universe" to flow through her for that individual's healing. Different techniques are indicated based on the health status and needs of the individual. A practitioner begins the session with an "intention" for the individual's healing (in whatever form that may take). The energy work may also be done at a distance; i.e., the client does not have to be physically present for the work to be done.

In addition, Reiki practitioners envision ancient symbols to enhance the power of the treatment.

What is a Reiki Master?

A Reiki Master has completed 3 levels of study with a Master. The Master is also qualified to teach Reiki to others.

What is guided imagery?

Guided imagery is a technique that focuses and directs the client's imagination. It promotes relaxation by “guiding” the person’s thoughts, mental pictures, sounds, scents, and/or perception of movement. Guided imagery has been successfully used in a variety of health conditions, such as pre/postoperatively, with PTSD, stress, anxiety, and treatment of cancer to name a few.

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